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Newark Architecture Collection (1903 - 1993)
RepositoryNewark Public Library, Charles F. Cummings New Jersey Information Center
Collection IDMG Nwk Architecture
Size3.33 linear ft. (8 boxes)
Collection Description
This is a collection of miscellaneous materials, derived from many sources, relating to architecture in Newark.

Box 1: contains material relating to the architectural career of William E. Lehman (1874-1951), a prominent architect and realtor, who built some of the best-known buildings in the City (including many commercial buildings, apartment buildings, theaters, the Newark Post Office, Temple B'nai Abraham, etc.) Included is a lavishly illustrated catalogue for "William E. Lehman, David J. Lehman, architects" (January 1920); two large scrapbooks containing original photographs, drawings, clippings, brochures, etc., with biographical material on William Lehman; loose photographs and documents; and a typewritten eulogy for Lawrence Wolcott Markes (d. 1957).

Box 2: Historic American Building Survey (photographs, written descriptions, and information); plans and publicity materials for Gateway Center (1972-1973); Newark Post Office ("Newark's New Post Office," 707 Broad St., floor plans); "Historic [Dwelling] Houses of Newark 1666-1833," list, 1934; Historic American Buildings Survey, 1 sheet, 1941; "Historic Sites Connected with the Newark Leather Industry," list, 1961; Sydenham House, notes on the history of (typescript, 1972); Preliminary Plan for a Newark Botanical Garden ("A Proposal for a Botanical Garden in Newark," by Dr. Sydney S. Greenfield, including plans, 1962); illustrated proposal for, "Grant USA Tower" (121 stories, the tallest building in the world, with "Newark Renaissance Mall," 1991); nomination forms for National Register of Historic Places (Essex Club, 1990; Glencoe, 1991; South Park Calvary United Presbyterian Church, 1971; The James Street Commons Historic District, 1970-1975), etc.

Boxes 3 and 4: exhibit and other materials of Miss Julia Sabine (architectural historian). Contents include: mounted captions (and photocopies of captions) from a Newark Public Library exhibit on Newark Architecture: houses, schools, churches, banks, etc.; typescript and related materials for an illustrated talk by Sabine on "Resources for the History of New Jersey Architecture" (1955), with original photographs, including Peddie Memorial Baptist Church; and "Grace Church, an Architectural Study with Notes" (unsigned and undated typescript, with research materials)

Box 5: "A Survey of Ecclesiastical Architecture built in Newark from 1810-1865," by Kenneth B. Schnall (thesis, Newark State College Graduate School, 1965); Newark City Hall, souvenirs of cornerstone laying (1903, invitation, program, menu); proposal for "The Newark Stadium" (1920s?); HABS and other notes on Lloyd House (Plane St.) and the Griffith Building; New Jersey Performing Arts Center (Schematic Design Revision, 1992); architect's proposal for "Reconnaissance Studies" of four historic Episcopal churches on Broad St. (1993); and blueprints for Howard Savings Institution buildings on Bloomfield Ave. and Clifton Ave. (1945)

Box 6: Cultural Resource Consulting Group (CRCG) publicity materials on non-Newark projects; Krueger-Scott Mansion (reports, flyers, clippings, drawings, etc.); large file of records of the Newark Preservation and Landmarks Committee (1980s), including minutes, correspondence, membership lists, financial reports, with National Register of Historic Places nominations for the Griffiths Building, the Lloyd House, and Newark churches; a folder of loose pages from a large clippings scrapbook devoted to issues of reassessment of property taxes, urban development, and the Fox-Lance-Crane Act, which permitted property tax concessions to developers engaged in urban renewal projects (clippings are from the Newark News and the Star-Ledger, 1960-1961)

Box 7: materials relating to Donald W. Geyer's Historical Architectural Survey of Newark buildings (1965-1967). The survey was conducted by architectural historian Geyer, as part of Newark's Community Renewal Program. Buildings were studied, photographed, and assessed as part of an effort to draw up proposals for urban renewal. Included are reports on the study (described as "possibly the most comprehensive architectural and historical study ever undertaken on Newark buildings"); master lists of buildings by subject and title (1967); photos and descriptions of surveyed buildings; a rating sheet and guide (1968); coded maps with locations of buildings surveyed (1969); a handwritten spreadsheet describing buildings of exceptional architectural/historic interest that might be restored in connection with the nation's Bicentennial (1975); Landmark and Preservation Priorities; City of Newark, preliminary proposals for preservation (handwritten notes, with detailed information on a few buildings; National Register of Historic Places Inventory, nomination forms (with detailed notes and other research materials on Newark churches, ca. 1972); Architectural Data File (a table with names of architects, dates, other data); photocopies of photographs and detailed fact sheets on the Newark Public Library, City Hall, Newark Airport, Port Newark, Second River Shot Works, and Truck Terminal).

Box 8: records of the Historic Sites and Buildings Committee of Newark (1960-1962). The Committee, representing a number of bodies and institutions in Newark, first met on June 2, 1960 at the Newark Public Library. Its chair, Library Director James E. Bryan, noted that its mission was to place historical markers on buildings and sites, and to consult closely with county and state organizations with similar purposes, thus continuing and expanding upon the earlier work in Newark of the Schoolmen's Club and the Historic American Buildings Survey, a WPA project. It was also hoped that the Committee's work would help to guide plans for urban renewal. Members of the Committee included Miriam V. Studley, Dorothy Kronheim, Samuel Berg, George Oberlander, Ione Sonn, John T. McSharry, and Douglas Eldridge. The box contains minutes, correspondence, inventories, maps, recommendations, photographs, research notes, worksheets on individual buildings and sites, "Historic sites connected with the Newark leather industry" (a typed list, 1960), "Selected bibliographies for N.J. local history" (1961), "Architectural types from an historic viewpoint" (1961), memorial tablets in Newark (a mimeographed list), and general articles on historic preservation. Also in this box are photocopies of forms nominating various Newark buildings to the National Register of Historic Places, apparently dating from ca. 1969-1970.
FormatsGraphics; Photographic materials; Textual materials
SubjectsArchitecture / Building; Aviation; Business / Commerce; Property / Urban Development; Religion / Churches; Transportation
Time Period20th Century
Access policyOpen for research
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